A visit to Lahore

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A visit to Lahore

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Welcome to Lahore, the city of marvels, history and never ending delights!

 

Lahore (?????) is Pakistan's second largest city with population of approximately 9 million people, and the capital of the Punjab province. Lahore is no doubt Pakistan's cultural capital, with rich and fabulous history of over thousand years.

The heart of Lahore is the Walled or Inner City, a very densely populated area of about one square kilometer. Founded in legendary times and a cultural Centre for over a thousand years, Lahore has many attractions to keep the tourist busy. Minar-e-Pakistan, Lahore Fort, Badshahi Mosque and Shalimar Gardens are some of key Lahore attractions. The Mall is lined with colonial-gothic buildings from the British rule, and the suburbs of Gulberg and Defense feature beautiful mansions and trendy shopping districts.

Lahore is an ancient city with more than 200 archaeological sites and historic places. The city is hub of art and culture in the country. Lahore has also been rated by the British newspaper 'Guardian' as the 2nd best tourist destination in Pakistan in 2008. Lahore has 2 UNESCO World Heritage Sites and plenty of national monuments. Every nook and corner of old Lahore is full of mysterious history and never-ending charm that attracts thousands of visitors locally and internationally. A visitor who happens to be in Lahore for the first time, sums up his/her experience in one line that is Lahore is Lahore

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main article: History of Lahore

See also: Timeline of Lahore history

The vacant temple in the Shahi Qila, dedicated to Lava, who by legend, is said to have founded the city.

Tomb of Malik Ayaz in the Walled City

 

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Lahore Fort is the most famous landmark from the days of the Mughal Empire, in Pakistan.

Shalimar Gardens, Lahore

Badshahi Mosque, Lahore

Government College, Lahore, 1880s. Oriental and India Office Collection, British Library.

Daata Darbar (Ali Hujwiri mausoleum)

Qutb-ud-din Aibak Mausoleum, Lahore

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Mughal era[edit]

Diwan-e-Khas: the Hall of Special Audience in the Mughal Empire

Main article: Mughal period in Lahore

The Hazuri Bagh Baradari, built during the Sikh period (1799–1849)

Main article: Sikh period in Lahore

The British Pavilion outside the WAPDA House at Faisal Square

General Post Office, Lahore

Street scene of Lahore, 1890s

Ghora Chowk (Horse Square)

Central Mosque in Valencia Town

View of Gulberg after Graupel(Snowflakes)

Arfa Software Technology Park is the largest in Pakistan.

Main article: Transport in Lahore

Map of Lahore showing major roads, railway lines and airports (Click to enlarge)

Lahore Railway Station

Kalma Underpass, Lahore

Allama Iqbal International Airport

Metro Bus Route near GCU[82]

The Wagah Border on the Grand Trunk Road near Lahore and Amritsar. The road was historically the main route of travel from Lahore to Delhi.[83] Today, it is one of the few trade routes between India and Pakistan.

Masjid Wazir Khan in Lahore.

Sacred Heart Cathedral

Samadhi of Ranjit Singh

An old painting by Edwin Lord Weeks showing an open-air restaurant in Lahore, opposite the Wazir Khan Mosque during the British Raj.

The tomb of Allama Iqbal

Old Anarkali Food Street

Lahore Museum

Tollinton market on Mall Road

Main article: Lahori cuisine

Plain rice and Lahori lamb kabab

Lahoris are known for their love of food and eating. While Lahore has a great many traditional and modern restaurants, in recent years Western fast food chains, such as McDonald's, Pizza Hut, Domino's Pizza, Subway Sandwiches, Dunkin' Donuts, Nando's, Kentucky Fried Chicken and Hardee's have appeared all over the city. Recently the food streets in the historic locales of Lahore (Gawalmandi, Anarkali, and Fort Road) have attracted tourists. Food streets have undergone restorations and are cordoned off in the evenings for pedestrian traffic only; numerous cafés serve local delicacies under the lights and balconies of restored havelis (traditional residential dwellings). Some of the trendiest restaurants in Lahore are concentrated on the M M Alam Road in Gulberg. Here, dozens of high-class culinary outlets, ranging from Western franchises to traditional, ethnic, or theme restaurants, attract all classes of Lahore's citizens. New restaurants are constantly opening, and the business is extremely competitive. Many boisterous restaurants of Lahore are open late into the night. Some branches of Pizza Hut and McDonald's are open 24/7; McDonald's and KFC also offer a home delivery service. Lahore also boasts a unique restaurant housed in a 300-year-old Kothi-style dwelling of a famous artist which was once a brothel. At different times in the life of this property, Hindu, Buddhist, Christian, and Muslim families have owned it. Another famous Lahore landmark is the Pak Tea House in Anarkali, long a favoured haunt of intellectuals and artists. Lahore remains a traditional centre of Pakistani Chinese cuisine, demonstrated through the large presence and popularity of Chinese restaurants in the city.

An artificial waterfall at Jilani Park.

Shalamar Gardens is a Persian garden built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

Main article: List of parks and gardens in Lahore

Model Town Park

Jinnah Hospital

Government College University

UET Lahore

King Edward Medical University

Alfred Cooper Woolner former Vice-Chancellor of the University of the Punjab in Lahore

University of the Punjab

Main article: Education in Lahore

See also: List of educational institutions in Lahore, List of special schools in Lahore, and List of libraries in Lahore

Lahore is known as Pakistan's educational capital, with more colleges and universities than any other city in Pakistan. Lahore is Pakistan's largest producer of professionals in the fields of science, technology, IT, engineering, medicine, nuclear sciences, pharmacology, telecommunication, biotechnology and microelectronics, nanotechnology and the only future hyper high tech centre of Pakistan .[95] Most of the reputable universities are public, but in recent years there has also been an upsurge in the number of private universities. The current literacy rate of Lahore is 74%.[96]

Lahore hosts some of Pakistan's oldest educational institutes: Government College Lahore (now Government College University), established in 1864; Forman Christian College, a chartered university established in 1864; Government Islamia College Lahore, established in 1892; University of the Punjab, established in 1882;[97]Kinnaird College, established in 1913; and University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (UET Lahore), established in 1921. UET is also Pakistan's oldest technical degree-awarding institute and its first university in the field of engineering and technology.

Lahore's institutes in the fields of Computer Science, IT, and Engineering include the National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences (NUCES or FAST-NU), COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, and Punjab University College of Information Technology. Notable architecture schools include Beaconhouse National University, University of South Asia, National College of Arts. Notable business schools include the Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), University of Lahore School of Accountancy & Finance, Lahore School of Economics, National College of Business Administration & Economics, Forman Christian College, University of Central Punjab, University of Management and Technology, Institute of Management Sciences, Lahore, Hajvery University, Lahore(HU), and Superior University. University of Education, established in 2002, is Pakistan's first specialised university in the field of education. Lahore also provides education in many fields of health sciences. Notable medical colleges offering MBBS degrees include Allama Iqbal Medical College, Fatima Jinnah Medical College, King Edward Medical University, Lahore Medical and Dental College, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Central Park Medical College, Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan Medical and Dental College and Shalamar Medical and Dental College. Important postgraduate institutes are Punjab Institute of Cardiology and University of Health Sciences, Lahore. University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences is the only college in Lahore providing education in the field of veterinary medicine. De'Montmorency College of Dentistry is an important college of dentistry. There are many institutes offering education in fields of nursing and pharmacy as well. Notable schools include Govt. Central Model high School Lower Mall, which is one of the oldest school in Pakistan, Lahore College of Pharmaceutical sciencesis first Private Pharmacy school of city Aitchison College, SICAS,National Grammar School, Crescent Model Higher Secondary School, Lahore Grammar School, Beaconhouse School System, St. Anthony's College, LACAS, The Punjab School, Divisional Public School, Convent of Jesus and Mary, The City School and Mus'ab School System.

Lahore 2011.[99]